Brothers and Sisters: The Order of Birth in the Family: An Expanded Edition
“There can be no doubt that special traits of character and mental make-up are found in children and adults who belong to the different ranks in the order of birth.”
In this classic work, Karl König attempts to explain the various characteristics of those born first, second, and third, without losing sight of the tremendous individuality of the human being.
Just as our environment shapes our language, social behavior and mannerisms, so, too, our place in the family also determines how we encounter life.
This book is a fascinating handbook for parents, teachers, and caretakers. Over the years it has become a definitive reference on the subject of child development.
This newest edition in the Karl König Archive series includes a new introduction by series editor Richard Steel; an extended introduction by Karl König; two new essays (”The Two Sisters” and “Brother and Sister”); lecture notes and transcriptions by Karl König, and an essay by A. Limbrunner on the significance for today of König’s work on family order.
C O N T E N T S:
An Evergreen Piece of Pioneering Work, by Alfons Limbrunner
Brothers and Sisters
• The First Child
• The Second Child
• The Third Child
About this Edition, by Richard Steel
Work on a Future Edition
• Brother and Sister (Fighting the Dragon)
• The Two Sisters
Notes for Lectures
From König’s Letters
Introductions to Other Editions
About the Author
Karl König (1902–1966) was born in Vienna, in Austria-Hungary, the only son of a Jewish shoemaker. He studied medicine at the University of Vienna and graduated in 1927, with a special interest in embryology. After graduating, he was invited by Ita Wegman to work in her Klinisch-Therapeutisches Institut, a clinic in Arlesheim, Switzerland for people with special needs. He married Mathilde Maasberg in 1929. Dr. König was appointed paediatrician at the Rudolf Steiner-inspired Schloß Pilgrimshain institute in Strzegom, where he worked until 1936, when he returned to Vienna and established a successful medical practice. Owing to Hitler’s invasion of Austria, he was forced to flee Vienna to Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1938. Dr. König was interned briefly at the beginning of World War II, but on his release in 1940 he set up the first Camphill Community for Children in Need of Special Care at Camphill on the outskirts of Aberdeen. From the mid-1950s, König began more communities, including one in North Yorkshire, the first to care for those beyond school age with special needs. In 1964, König moved to Brachenreuthe near Überlingen on Lake Constance, Germany, where he set up another community, where he died in 1966.
Richard Steel was born in 1952 in Oxford. He trained at the Camphill seminar in Föhrenbühl am Bodensee, where he lived with his family in a household with children and young people. He is an adminstrator for the estate of Karl König and works for the Karl König Archive in Berlin.