General guidelines for teaching mathematics in classes 1 – 8 (ages 6 – 14) in Waldorf schools.
In the context of classrooms, mathematics often seems to be a trivial affair of counting and measuring. In itself, however, it has wide-ranging implications. Teachers who dwell on these will be in a position to convey the material to their students in a far more extensive and interesting way than are those who take a more superficial approach.
Mathematics, the science of space and number, is universal and all-embracing. It manifests everywhere, sometimes obvious, sometimes less so. However, like all of nature, it reveals itself to inquiring minds.
• 1st and 2nd grades: From the whole to the parts
• 3rd grade: Measurement, Derivation of terms
• 4th grade: Fractions, Factors, Ratio and proportion
• 5th grade: Families of numbers, Decimals
• 6th grade: Squaring, cubing, square and cube roots; Geometrical figures; pi; Percentage and interest
• 7th grade: Algebra, Graphs, Golden ratio, Progressions, Pythagorean theorem
• 8th grade: Platonic solids, Algebraic fractions