Agriculture: Spiritual Foundations for the Renewal of Agriculture
8 lectures and 4 discussions, Koberwitz, June 7–20, 1924 (CW 327)
With this remarkable series of lectures presented in Koberwitz, Silesia, June 7 to 16, 1924, Rudolf Steiner founded biodynamic agriculture. They contain profound insights into farming, the plant and animal world, the nature of organic chemistry, and the influences of heavenly bodies. This translation from the original German by Catherine E. Creeger and Malcolm Gardner is a fundamental text for many intermediate and advanced students of biodynamic agriculture—one to which the biodynamic practitioner will refer again and again over the years.
In addition to the eight lectures, this edition includes:
- Four discussions by Rudolf Steiner;
- Color plates of Steiner’s blackboard drawings;
- An address to the members of the Agricultural Experimental group;
- Rudolf Steiner’s report to members of the Anthroposophical Society following the lectures;
- Rudolf Steiner’s handwritten notes for the course;
- Additional agricultural indications by Rudolf Steiner;
- An essay: “New Directions in Agriculture,” by Ehrenfried E. Pfeiffer, a biodynamic pioneer in North America.
This book is the primary resource for anyone involved in biodynamic gardening or farming.
Agriculture is a translation from German of the book Geisteswissenschaftliche Grundlagen zum Gedeihen der Landwirtschaft. Landwirtschaftlicher Kursus (GA 327).
About the Author
Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925) was born in the small village of Kraljevec, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now in Croatia), where he grew up. As a young man, he lived in Weimar and Berlin, where he became a well-published scientific, literary, and philosophical scholar, known especially for his work with Goethe’s scientific writings. At the beginning of the twentieth century, he began to develop his early philosophical principles into an approach to systematic research into psychological and spiritual phenomena. Formally beginning his spiritual teaching career under the auspices of the Theosophical Society, Steiner came to use the term Anthroposophy (and spiritual science) for his philosophy, spiritual research, and findings. The influence of Steiner’s multifaceted genius has led to innovative and holistic approaches in medicine, various therapies, philosophy, religious renewal, Waldorf education, education for special needs, threefold economics, biodynamic agriculture, Goethean science, architecture, and the arts of drama, speech, and eurythmy. In 1924, Rudolf Steiner founded the General Anthroposophical Society, which today has branches throughout the world. He died in Dornach, Switzerland.