Human Values in Education
14 lectures, Basel, April 20-May 16, 1920 (CW 301)
Following a lecture of November 27, 1919 requested by the Basel Department of Education, sixty members of the audience invited Rudolf Steiner to return and deliver a complete lecture course on his approach to education. These lectures are the result.
Rudolf Steiner begins by outlining the gradual development of the child with the help of spiritual forces and enlightened educational practices, which form the basis for Steiner’s approach to education. He describes the problems that modern educators face and provides practical solutions. Steiner explains the effects of morality on real freedom and how the development of a child’s will leads to a free, flexible ability to think. He describes the life-long effects that teachers have on children through the ways they teach in the early grades.
The subjects of these lectures cover a broad range, from the threefold nature of the human being to the teacher’s responsibility toward their students’ future; from arts such as music and eurythmy to the problems involved in training teachers; from zoology and botany to language, geography, and history. Like many of Steiner’s lectures to public audiences, these are accessible and practical and provide a real overview to his ideas for renewing modern education.
This book is a translation of tge German edition, Die Erneuerung der pädagogisch-didaktischen Kunst durch Geisteswissenschaft, Rudolf Steiner–Nachlassverwaltung, 1977.
C O N T E N T S:
Foreword by Eugene Schwartz
1. Spiritual Science and Modern Education
2. Three Aspects of the Human Being
3. Understanding the Human Being: A Foundation for Education
4. The Teacher as Sculptor of the Human soul
5. Some Remarks about Curriculum
6. Teaching Eurythmy, Music, Drawing, and Language
7. The Problem of Teacher Training
8. Teaching Zoology and Botany to Children Nine through Twelve
9. Dialect and Standard Language
10. Synthesis and Analysis in Human Nature and Education
11. Rhythm in Education
12. Teaching History and Geography
13. Children’s Play
14. Further Perspectives and Answers to Questions
About the Author
Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925) was born in the small village of Kraljevec, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now in Croatia), where he grew up. As a young man, he lived in Weimar and Berlin, where he became a well-published scientific, literary, and philosophical scholar, known especially for his work with Goethe’s scientific writings. At the beginning of the twentieth century, he began to develop his early philosophical principles into an approach to systematic research into psychological and spiritual phenomena. Formally beginning his spiritual teaching career under the auspices of the Theosophical Society, Steiner came to use the term Anthroposophy (and spiritual science) for his philosophy, spiritual research, and findings. The influence of Steiner’s multifaceted genius has led to innovative and holistic approaches in medicine, various therapies, philosophy, religious renewal, Waldorf education, education for special needs, threefold economics, biodynamic agriculture, Goethean science, architecture, and the arts of drama, speech, and eurythmy. In 1924, Rudolf Steiner founded the General Anthroposophical Society, which today has branches throughout the world. He died in Dornach, Switzerland.